Importance of Cleanliness for Healthy Lifestyle

Piles of Garbage blocking the sewage: Online

In a country like Pakistan it seems there is no concept of cleanliness, wherever you see, you witness heaps of garbage lying on the streets.  People throw garbage everywhere other

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Piles of Garbage blocking the sewage: Online

than the dustbins. These trashes are a hotbed for severe illnesses, if you want to know how?  So the answer is quite simple; Unhygienic conditions such as dirty linen, leftover food or overflowing garbage attract pests and flies that serve as hosts for transmitting preventable diseases like diarrhea, food poisoning and gastric related illnesses.

unhyienic food

Gastric Disease is prevalent due to Unhygienic Roadside eateries

Around 60-70 million people are affected annually with gastric diseases.  Half of country’s population is without proper sanitation and hygiene.  The economic impact of poor sanitation has resulted in an annual loss of 3.94% or more of Gross Domestic Products (GDP).  Much is said about cleanliness and hygiene but its application is missing in our society.

Several factors contribute to the quality of life; however, cleanliness and hygiene are one of the basic essentials. There is a need to inform and educate people about the importance of cleanliness in our society.  While we can’t control what goes on in our environment, we do have control over our immediate surroundings. Government along with civilians and corporate organizations together need to play their due role in improving sanitation conditions of the country.

The importance of cleanliness cannot be ignored in individual as well as in community level. On one hand it is an important factor for human health whereas on the other hand it is essential for environmental development as well. “Cleanliness is half part of faith”, therefore as an individual, one is liable to clean up its own act (not in literal sense) but rather contribute in cleaning up its surrounding.

The best place to start off is ‘house’ where people spend a lot of their time.  Hygiene environment plays a vital role in contributing to living a healthy life. It’s important to root out dirt and pests that can make you sick and eventually cost you money.  If cleanliness of your home environment is important to you, you will ensure that it is kept clean all the time. Basic hygienic tips for instance washing hands after coming from outside; cleaning sink and counter-tops regularly while sweeping and moping with cleaning agents avoid the spread of dirt to oneself and others. These are some of the basics which if follow daily reduce the risk of bacterial growth at home.

Contaminated food also contributes to gastric diseases. The World Health Organization reported that 40 percent people

unhygienic food

Making Chaat in Unhygienic Condition

suffer from enteric diseases caused by contaminated food in developing countries of the world. Food contamination occurs due to different reasons like unsafe food packaging, food transportation under unhygienic conditions etc. One cannot control the contamination of food in external environment but can avoid food contamination in their home environment.  Decaying food leads to food contamination. It’s important to have a proactive approach towards food preservation.  Raw food like vegetables, fruits should be kept in the lower part of the fridge while cooked food needs to be covered it properly and keep in top section of the fridge.  One also ensures to utilize cooked food within two days before rotting.

Overflowing trash

Heaps of Garbage Outside Trash bins

The sight of overflowing trash cans looks horrible.  On the top of that, majority of the people throw garbage in the bins irrespective of the fact that it’s soggy or dry. Most of the people have trash bins without lid, contributing to a stinky odor, and hence attract flies at homes. To avoid this stinky smell,   place a couple of dryer sheets or other absorbent material in the bottom of the trash to absorb spills or dampness.

Many people nowadays prefer health-centric appliances for their homes. Keeping in perspective the hassle of today’s fast paced life, corporate organizations have introduced innovative home appliances such as refrigerator, washing machine and air conditioners, equipped with insect repellent technology.  The advanced technology has an ability to ward off insects or pests, from inside of the appliances and its surrounding area.

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Hygiene for Healthy Living: Online photo

By adopting the hygienic lifestyle, one can be saved from a lot of preventable diseases. ‘Prevention is better than cure’ there is a dire need to make conscious efforts to educate people about the significance of cleanliness and hygiene. In this regard, the government should also play its vital role in legislating stringent laws against littering and implement it at the grassroots level.

Knight in Shining Armor: Helping Women in the Pursuit of a Healthy Lifestyle

The human brain works wonders, most we are unaware of, however it needs fuel to keep energized otherwise we shall become nothing

Healthy lifestyle is key to happiness: Online

Healthy lifestyle is key to happiness: Online

more than mere zombies. An active mind is not just a choice, but a necessity to stay ahead of the game.  The age-old mantra, ‘We

are what we eat’, means to lead a healthy lifestyle we have to eat healthy. But unfortunately we live in a fast-paced world where eating junk is easier and probably cheaper than following a healthy diet.

In this day and age both men and women have to work along each other to make ends meet.  In a country like Pakistan, working women have lots of responsibilities; not only do they have to earn, but are expected to be homemakers as well. As they juggle various responsibilities, their main concern mostly remains the health of their family.  However, it’s hard for them to invest more time in cooking proper meals, because of daily challenges; hence these women usually end up compromising on a healthy diet.

Advance kitchen appliances i.e. microwaves have made lives easier for women of today, but usually these microwaves have limited features; most just reheat and defrost. Moreover, one more disadvantage of these microwaves is that it cooks dishes non-desi dishes, serving no purpose to our local household. Hence, women in Pakistan have been reluctant to use it for daily cooking needs.

Health is wealth: Online

Cooking food in a healthy style: Online

Keeping in perspective the hassles of today’s women, certain local appliance brands have recently introduced innovative microwaves to solve their woes. Enriched with features such as grilling, and quick healthy meals along with built-in ‘desi’ recipes, these microwaves are custom-made to assist in our search for a healthy lifestyle.

‘A healthy outside starts from the inside’, therefore emphasis is not on having a scrumptious meal but it should be healthy too.  These microwave ovens dispel the misconception about zapping away the nutrient value from food. Food cooked in microwaves is as nutritious as food cooked in a conventional way. One precautionary measure is the use of microwave safe utensils to cook or heat food instead of plastic containers as it can melt due to excessive heat. With this caution, equal amount of heat is provided to food and as a result, the nutrient value of the food remains intact.

Some of the microwaves also come with another innovative offering: insect repellent technology.

Online

Online

This technology ensures that insects, usually found in kitchens, stay away from the inside of the microwave oven, ensuring proper hygienic standards are maintained before and after cooking.

No longer do women need to worry about a healthy diet for their family, as these microwaves are nothing short of a knight in shining metallic armor.  With these uniquely featured microwave ovens, one does not need to compromise on health due to shortage of time.

Ethical code for Health Management

“A man without ethics is a wild beast loosened upon this world” an adage by Albert Camus truly defines the nature of humans. A person of good ethical values is considered a boon to the society whereas a person without moral values is nothing but a bane for the society.

Ethics is defined as ‘moral standards’ which helps a person to differentiate between right and wrong. Every society has certain norms and values according to which they live in this world. Different people have different perceptions regarding ethics. What is right for one person may not be appropriate for other one. For instance, a person who lies and cheats in Islam is considered immoral; not only Islam but even other religion as well. Without ethics, a man or even a society is corrupted.

However, the question arises that is it only relevant to the society? What about organizations, institutes or even companies? Do they need to follow principles? We know that every person is responsible for their own conduct but it is equally important for any organization to have certain code of conduct that determines its nature of work.

Therefore in health care an ethical code is also important because here, lives of people are at stake. Since we know that a person if morally bounded will be more careful. According to the biomedical research, health care should have the code of conduct that should be followed stringently. Medical ethics are the code of conduct for doctors and physicians to follow

Back in times, ancient Egypt was the first one that applied ethics in medical profession. The first known document dealing with ethics was Egyptian papyri in 16th century B.C.; in the same era, Hammurabi set the codes for the physicians and surgeons. Moreover, Hippocrates, the father of medicine said 2500 years ago: “To observe all, study the patient rather than the disease, evaluate honestly and assist nature.” Even the Hippocrates oath was also based on ethics; though the oath has been amended many times by different countries. Recent times, World Medical Association is the largest assembly of doctors that has deliberated since 1948 regarding code; with the help of their guidelines, most of medical associations of the countries follow these principles by making certain amendments according to their facility.

There are certain codes for the physicians to follow; for instance to keep the secret of patients with themselves and do not leak it out. A doctor should give utmost importance to the emergencies if any other doctor is not provided. Human lives are very important and they should be taken care regardless of the monetary benefits. A doctor should be honourable as well as work in service of humanity; a doctor must also be truthful to the patients. They should also reveal the quack or fake doctors to if they find any.

Regardless of these codes of conduct, what we have seen in Pakistan is absolute negation of these codes. Doctors do not put sincerity to their work rather they look ways for monetary gain. As saying goes: “Health is Wealth” but over here, if you are wealthy or powerful person you are treated very well whereas the poor ones have to suffer through quacks. These codes are broken openly over here. We have seen the negligence in Lahore where so many people have died due to fake medicines prescribed by these doctors. It is true that a knowledgeable and skilful doctor is of no use if he/she is morally weak. For instance, the protests staged by Young Doctors’ Association (YDA) for their ad-hoc transfer issue last month, led to the closure of major healthcare facilities, which deprived health care access to the patients-an unethical approach in the eyes of morality. Similarly, the dealing of doctors with the pharmaceutical industries leads physicians to prescribe expensive medicines to the patients, irrespective of their financial status. In return, these doctors are given incentives and perks by these pharmaceutical companies which basically promote unethical practices. Moreover, there are some physicians who at times, prescribe unnecessary tests that are costly for the poor patients, but they emphasize for these tests to be conducted by specific laboratory, to which they have partnered with.  It seems that these doctors, physicians and health care management have forgotten the principles and code of ethics; only black law is followed everywhere.

Having said that, there are some rotten eggs which are present in every organization, same like in medical field but what is needed to adopt immediate measures to identify and rectify these rotten practitioners taking advantage of their hapless patients.

Gastroenteritis

Gastro-enteritis is the inflammation of lining of stomach and intestines which includes both large and small intestines.Gastroenteritis is responsible for 25% of all deaths in children up to 5 years and elderly patients more than 60 years lead to hospitalization and then death. Infectious gastroenteritis maybe caused by viruses, bacteria or parasites.
Viral gastroenteritis is more common than bacterial gastroenteritis. Viruses which cause this disease are Rotavirus, Norovirus, Adenovirus and Astroviruswhere as in bacterial gastroenteritis most common are E.coli, Salmonella and Shigella.

Gastroenteritis viruses: A = rotavirus, B = adenovirus, C = Norovirus and D = Astrovirus.

If there is only vomiting it indicates Gastritis but in Gastroenteritis vomiting is accompanied by diarrhea and at times nausea, abdominal pain or fever are also observed.
Unclean water is provided to different areas of Karachi especially Site, Gulshan, Orangi, New Karachi, Liaquatabad, Landhi, Korangi Gadap, keemari and Lyari.
The tanks and reservoirs that hold water are not properly cleaned and this way water is contaminated. The rain drainage system is not properly maintained although after rain the cleaning took place but the sludge was thrown outside which attract the houseflies and these flies sit on them and later carries the dirt in their wings to food items.
The disease also occurs due to contaminated food and houseflies are main carrier because they usually sit on the dirty things after which the food items on stalls near roadside or near stagnant water like aloo chat or bun kababs and many others they are present in open environment and they sit on them leaving their dirt.

SOLUTIONS

·         Firstly drink boil water which should be boiled 10 to 15 minutes.

·         Filtration of water alone is not effective until the filters are properly cleaned and many people do not know the accurate method.

·         Fumigation or sprays to get rid off houseflies.

·         Water can also be cleaned through hydrogen peroxide, chlorine or potash alum.

·         Food inspector should be assigned to check fish and food markets and City Government makes it mandatory.